Dementia is a general term which includes various conditions like memory loss, and other cognitive issues which significantly impede the everyday life.
It can occur in various forms, such as vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease. The most common type which occurs in about 60-80% of cases is Alzheimer’s disease.
Dementia is progressive if the cause of the issue cannot be treated. Its most common symptoms include apathy, depression, and difficulties in remembering recent events, conversations, and names.
Some dementia risk factors can be controlled, such as:
- Head injuries
- Impaired thyroid function
- Low physical activity
- Poor diet and vitamin deficiencies
- Use of medication that contributes to dementia
- Cardiovascular risks such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and diabetes
- Alcohol use
We recommend 9 ways to lower the risk of dementia:
1. Quit Smoking
- Smoking causes a great damage to the body, including the brain.
- According to studies, daily smokers are at a 45% higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s in comparison to non-smokers and ex-smokers.
- Hence, we strongly advise you to quit this detrimental habit.
2. Be Physically Active
- To strengthen the vascular system, you should boost the blood flow and the heart pumping.
- Therefore, exercise regularly to prevent numerous chronic health concerns, at least half an hour a day.
3. Vitamin B
- B vitamins reduce the levels of a molecule known as homocysteine or HC, which damages the vascular system.
- When at high levels, it raises the risk of strokes, heart diseases, and other vascular problems.
- Therefore, increase the intake of B complex vitamins to prevent age-related cognitive decline.
4. Vitamin D
- Researchers have found a link between the reduced levels of vitamin D and cognitive decline, causing dementia symptoms.
- Therefore, the use of vitamin D supplements prevents processes that contribute to dementia and Alzheimer’s.
- The sun is the best source of this vitamin, but you can also use supplements, especially in the winter, when the sun exposure is reduced.